1. Introduction: Human Nature as a Promising Concept to Make Sense of the Spirit of Sport
Pieter Bonte, Jan Tolleneer, Paul Schotsmans, Sigrid Sterckx
2. Self, Other, Play, Display and Humanity: Development of a Five-Level Model for the Analysis of Ethical Arguments in the Athletic Enhancement Debate
Jan Tolleneer, Paul Schotsmans
3. Is Human Enhancement Unnatural and Would This Be an Ethical Problem?
4. Dignified Doping: Truly Unthinkable? An Existentialist Critique of ‘Talentocracy’ in Sports
5. Subhuman, Superhuman, and Inhuman: Human Nature and the Enhanced Athlete
Eric T. Juengst
6. Prometheus on Dope: A Natural Aim for Improvement or a Hubristic Drive to Mastery?
7. Outliers, Freaks, and Cheats: Constituting Normality in the Age of Enhancement
8. Doping Use As an Artistic Crime: On Natural Performances and Authentic Art
9. Something from Nothing or Nothing from Something? Performance-Enhancing Drugs, Risk, and the Natures of Contest and of Humans
M. Andrew Holowchak
10. Transhuman Athletes and Pathological Perfectionism: Recognising Limits in Sports and Human Nature
Michael J. McNamee
11. “Definitely Not for Women”: An Online Community’s Reflections on Women’s Use of Performance Enhancing Drugs in Recreational Sports
Marianne Raakilde Jespersen
12. Toward a Situated and Dynamic Understanding of Doping Behaviors
13. Restoring or Enhancing Athletic Bodies: Oscar Pistorius and the Threat to Pure Performance
14. Sports Physicians, Human Nature, and the Limits of Medical Enhancement
15. Anti-doping Policies: Choosing Between Imperfections
Bengt Kayser, Barbara Broers
16. A Simple Regulatory Principle for Performance-Enhancing Technologies: Too Good to Be True?