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Klingsch, Wolfram W. F.

Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2008

Klingsch, Wolfram W. F. - Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2008, ebook

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ISBN: 9783642045042
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Table of contents

1. The UK WTC9/11 Evacuation Study: AnOverview of the Methodologies Employed and Some Preliminary Analysis
Edwin R. Galea, Lynn Hulse, Rachel Day, Asim Siddiqui, Gary Sharp, Karen Boyce, Louise Summerfield, David Canter, Melisa Marselle, Paul V. Greenall

2. Evacuation Movement in Photoluminescent Stairwells
Guylène Proulx, Noureddine Bénichou

3. Automatic Extraction of Pedestrian Trajectories from Video Recordings
Maik Boltes, Armin Seyfried, Bernhard Steffen, Andreas Schadschneider

4. Stairwell Evacuation from Buildings: What We Know We Don’t Know
Richard D. Peacock, Jason D. Averill, Erica D. Kuligowski

5. Evacuation of a High Floor Metro Train inaTunnel Situation: Experimental Findings
Monika Oswald, Hubert Kirchberger, Christian Lebeda

6. Using Laser Scanner Data to Calibrate Certain Aspects of Microscopic Pedestrian Motion Models
Dietmar Bauer, Kay Kitazawa

7. Pedestrian Vision and Collision Avoidance Behavior: Investigation of the Information Process Space of Pedestrians Using an Eye Tracker
Kay Kitazawa, Taku Fujiyama

8. FDS+Evac: An Agent Based Fire Evacuation Model
Timo Korhonen, Simo Hostikka, Simo Heliövaara, Harri Ehtamo

9. Comparisons of Evacuation Efficiency and Pre-travel Activity Times inResponse toaSounder and Two Different Voice AlarmMessages
David Purser

10. Design of Voice Alarms—the Benefit ofMentioning Fire and the Use ofaSynthetic Voice
Daniel Nilsson, Håkan Frantzich

11. Enhanced Empirical Data for the Fundamental Diagram and the Flow Through Bottlenecks
Armin Seyfried, Maik Boltes, Jens Kähler, Wolfram Klingsch, Andrea Portz, Tobias Rupprecht, Andreas Schadschneider, Bernhard Steffen, Andreas Winkens

12. Parameters of Pedestrian Flow for Modeling Purposes
Valerii V. Kholshevnikov, Dmitrii A. Samoshin

13. Emergency Preparedness in the Case ofaTsunami—Evacuation Analysis and Traffic Optimization fortheIndonesian City ofPadang
Gregor Lämmel, Marcel Rieser, Kai Nagel, Hannes Taubenböck, Günter Strunz, Nils Goseberg, Thorsten Schlurmann, Hubert Klüpfel, Neysa Setiadi, Jörn Birkmann

14. Case Studies onEvacuation Behaviour inaHotel Building inBART and inReal Life
Margrethe Kobes, Nancy Oberijé, Martina Duyvis

15. Analysis of Empirical Trajectory Data ofPedestrians
Anders Johansson, Dirk Helbing

16. Model-Based Real-Time Estimation ofBuilding Occupancy During Emergency Egress
Robert Tomastik, Satish Narayanan, Andrzej Banaszuk, Sean Meyn

17. Experiments on Evacuation Dynamics forDifferent Classes ofSituations
Jarosław Was

18. Prediction and Mitigation of Crush Conditions inEmergency Evacuations
Peter J. Harding, Martyn Amos, Steve Gwynne

19. Start Waves and Pedestrian Movement— AnExperimental Study
Christian Rogsch

20. Clearance Time for Pedestrian Crossing
Craig R. Childs, Taku Fujiyama, Nick Tyler

21. Ship Evacuation—Guidelines, Simulation, Validation, and Acceptance Criteria
Hubert Klüpfel

22. Empirical Study of Pedestrians’ Characteristics at Bottlenecks
Andreas Winkens, Tobias Rupprecht, Armin Seyfried, Wolfram Klingsch

23. RFID Technology Applied for Validation ofanOffice Simulation Model
Vincent Tabak, Bauke Vries, Jan Dijkstra

24. Study on Crowd Flow Outside a Hall viaConsidering Velocity Distribution ofPedestrians
Xiang Shu Liu, Jia Xiu Pan, Liang Yujuan, Yu Xue

25. Analysis on the Propagation Speed ofPedestrian Reaction: Velocity ofStarting Wave and Stopping Wave
Akiyasu Tomoeda, Daichi Yanagisawa, Katsuhiro Nishinari

26. Toward Smooth Movement of Crowds
Katsuhiro Nishinari, Yushi Suma, Daichi Yanagisawa, Akiyasu Tomoeda, Ayako Kimura, Ryousuke Nishi

27. Modeling Evacuees’ Exit Selection with Best Response Dynamics
Harri Ehtamo, Simo Heliövaara, Simo Hostikka, Timo Korhonen

28. Front-to-Back Communication inaMicroscopic Crowd Model
Colin Marc Henein, Tony White

29. Comparison of Various Methods fortheCalculation of the Distance Potential Field
Tobias Kretz, Cornelia Bönisch, Peter Vortisch

30. Agent-Based Simulation of Evacuation: AnOffice Building Case Study
Yiqing Lin, Igor Fedchenia, Bob LaBarre, Robert Tomastik

31. A Genetic Algorithm Module for Spatial Optimization in Pedestrian Simulation
Lukas Kellenberger, Ruedi Müller

32. Opinion Formation and Propagation Induced by Pedestrian Flow
Yu Xue, Yan-fang Wei, Huan-huan Tian, Li-juan Liang

33. Passenger Dynamics at Airport Terminal Environment
Michael Schultz, Christian Schulz, Hartmut Fricke

34. Application Modes of Egress Simulation
Steve M. V. Gwynne, Erica D. Kuligowski

35. Investigating theImpact ofAircraft Exit Availability onEgress Time Using Computer Simulation
Edwin R. Galea, Madeleine Togher, Peter Lawrence

36. Bounded Rationality Choice Model Incorporating Attribute Threshold, Mental Effort, and Risk Attitude: IllustrationtoPedestrian Walking DirectionChoice Decision in Shopping Streets
Wei Zhu, Harry Timmermans

37. A SCA-Based Model for Open Crowd Aggregation
Stefania Bandini, Mizar Luca Federici, Sara Manzoni, Stefano Redaelli

38. Hardware Implementation of a Crowd Evacuation Model Based on Cellular Automata
Ioakeim G. Georgoudas, Georgios C. Sirakoulis, Ioannis T. Andreadis

39. Applying a Discrete Event System Approach to Problems of Collective Motion inEmergency Situations
Paolo Lino, Guido Maione

40.
SIMULEM: Introducing Goal Oriented Behaviours in Crowd Simulation
Sébastien Paris, Delphine Lefebvre, Stéphane Donikian

41. Conflicts at an Exit in Pedestrian Dynamics
Daichi Yanagisawa, Akiyasu Tomoeda, Katsuhiro Nishinari

42. Improving Pedestrian Dynamics Modeling Using Fuzzy Logic
Phillip Tomé, Françcois Bonzon, Bertrand Merminod, Kamiar Aminian

43. Modeling the Link Volume Counts asaFunction ofTemporally Dependent OD-Flows
Dietmar Bauer

44. Effect ofSubconscious Behavior on Pedestrian Counterflow inaLattice Gas Model Under Open Boundary Conditions
Kuang Hua, Song Tao, Li Xingli, Dai Shiqiang

45. Hand-Calculation Methods forEvacuation Calculation—Last Chance foranOld-Fashioned Approach oraReal Alternative toMicroscopic Simulation Tools?
Christian Rogsch, Henning Weigel, Wolfram Klingsch

46. Adding Higher Intelligent Functions toPedestrian Agent Model
Toshiyuki Kaneda, Takumi Yoshida, Yanfeng He, Masaki Tamada, Yasuhiro Kitakami

47. “FlowTech” and “EvaTech”: TwoComputer-Simulation Methods forEvacuation Calculation
Ilya Karkin, Vladimir Grachev, Andrey Skochilov, Vladimir Zverev

48. Large Scale Microscopic Evacuation Simulation
Gregor Lämmel, Marcel Rieser, Kai Nagel

49. Numerical Optimisation Techniques Applied toEvacuation Analysis
Rodrigo Machado Tavares, Edwin R. Galea

50. A Multi-Method Approach totheInterpretation of Pedestrian Spatio-Temporal Behaviour
Alexandra Millonig, Georg Gartner

51. The Microscopic Model and the Panicking Ball-Bearing
Colin Marc Henein, Tony White

52. Design of Decision Rules for Crowd Controlling Using Macroscopic Pedestrian Flow Simulation
Stefan Seer, Norbert Brändle, Dietmar Bauer

53. 3-Tier Architecture for Pedestrian Agent inCrowd Simulation
Gao Peng, Xu Ruihua

54. Optimising Vessel Layout Using Human Factors Simulation
Steven J. Deere, Edwin R. Galea, Peter J. Lawrence

55. Agent-Based Animated Simulation of Mass Egress Following an Improvised Explosive Device (IED) Attack
Douglas A. Samuelson, Matthew Parker, Austin Zimmerman, Stephen Guerin, Joshua Thorp, Owen Densmore

56. A Novel Kinetic Model to Simulate Evacuation Dynamics
Sergei Burlatsky, Vladim Atrazhev, Nikolay Erikhman, Satish Narayanan

57. Egress Route Choice Modelling—Concepts andApplications
Volker Schneider, Rainer Könnecke

58. Architectural Cue Model in Evacuation Simulation for Underground Space
Chengyu Sun, Bauke Vries, Qi Zhao

59. Integrating Strategies in Numerical Modelling of Crowd Motion
Juliette Venel

60. Small-Grid Analysis of Evacuation Processes with a Lattice Gas Model for Mixed Pedestrian Dynamics
Yan-fang Wei, Yu Xue, Shi-qiang Dai

61. Evacuation Simulation and Human Behaviour Models in Tall Buildings
Marja-Liisa Siikonen, Janne S. Sorsa

62. Proof of Evacuation Routes and Safety Exits: Time Data as the Main Criteria fortheEvaluation of Escape Routes andSafetyExits?
Nathalie Waldau, Marita Kersken-Bradley, Thilo Hoffmann

63. Dependence of Modelled Evacuation Times onKey Parameters and Interactions
David Purser

64. A Modification of the Social Force Model byForesight
Bernhard Steffen

65. Models for Crowd Movement and Egress Simulation
Hubert Klüpfel

66. Modelling Pedestrian Escalator Behaviour
Michael J. Kinsey, Edwin R. Galea, Peter J. Lawrence, Darren Blackshields, Lynn Hulse, Rachel Day, Gary Sharp

67. Introducing a Coupled Model for Simulating Crowd Behaviour
Alicia Guadalupe Ortega Camarena, Dominik Jürgens

68. Evacuation Modelling of Fire Scenarios inPassenger Trains
Jorge Capote, Daniel Alvear, Orlando Abreu, Mariano Lázaro, Arturo Cuesta

69. Pedestrian Dynamics with Event-Driven Simulation
Mohcine Chraibi, Armin Seyfried

70. The Need for Behavioral Theory in Evacuation Modeling
Erica D. Kuligowski, Steve M. V. Gwynne

71. NO_PANIC. “Escape and Panic inBuildings”—Architectural Basic Research intheContext of Security and Safety Research
Christa Illera, Matthias Fink, Harry Hinneberg, Karin Kath, Nathalie Waldau, Andrea Rosič, Gabriel Wurzer

72. Was It Panic? An Overview About Mass-Emergencies and Their Origins All Over the World for Recent Years
Christian Rogsch, Michael Schreckenberg, Eric Tribble, Wolfram Klingsch, Tobias Kretz

73. Hierarchical Structure of the Mass and Group-Level Behaviors in Urban Rail Transfer Stations
Xiaolei Zou, Ruihua Xu, Peng Gao

74. The Use of a Structure and Its Influence onEvacuation Behavior
Steve M. V. Gwynne, Dave Boswell

75. Inhalation Injury of Lung and Heart After Inhalation of Toxic Substances
Herbert Löllgen, Dieter Leyk

76. Quantitative Comparison of International Design Standards of Escape Routes inAssembly Buildings
Burkhard Forell, Ralf Seidenspinner, Dietmar Hosser

77. Visualizing the Human Form for Simulation and Planning
Gabriel Wurzer

78. A Real-Time Pedestrian Animation System
Christian Schulz, Michael Schultz, Hartmut Fricke

79. Modeling of Escape Routes According toOccupancy, Economy, and Level ofSafety inSlovak Republic
Martin Lopušniak

Keywords: Mathematics, Applications of Mathematics, Behavioural Sciences, Civil Engineering, Automotive Engineering

Author(s)
 
 
 
Publisher
Springer
Publication year
2010
Language
en
Edition
1
Category
Natural Sciences
Format
Ebook
eISBN (PDF)
9783642045042

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