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Suarez, Carlos E.

Light Metals 2012

Suarez, Carlos E. - Light Metals 2012, ebook

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ISBN: 9783319481791
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Table of contents

1. Characterization of Bauxite and its Minerals by Means of Thermoanalytical Methods
Ekkehard Post, Bob Fidler, Dorothea Kwiryn, Doreen Rapp

2. Study on Application of a New Model for the Kinetics of Diaspore Leaching Process
Li Bao, Ting-an Zhang, Anh V. Nguyen, Guozhi Lv, Zhihe Dou, Yan Liu

3. Mechanical Activation of Al-Oxyhydroxide Minerals — Physicochemical Changes, Reactivity and Relevance to Bayer Process
T. C. Alex, Rakesh Kumar, S. K. Roy, S. P. Mehrotra

4. Research on Mechanically Activated Digestion Performance of Diasporic Bauxite and Kinetics
Lv Guo-zhi, Zhang Ting-an, Ke Xian-yao, Zhao Ai-chun, Ni Pei-yuan, Mu Wang-zhong, Bao Li

5. Mechanochemical Activation of Bauxite
Fernanda A. N. G. Silva, Carla N. Barbato, Rachel D. Santos, Diego S. G. Almeida, João A. Sampaio, Marta E. Medeiros, Francisco M. S. Garrido

6. Effects of Roasting Pretreatment in Intense Magnetic Field on Digestion Performance of High Iron Bauxite
Lv Guozhi, Zhang Ting’an, Zhang Xuhua, Liu Yan, Dou Zhihe, Li Yan, He Jicheng

7. Effect of Lime Addition on the Predesilication and Digestion Properties of a Gibbsitic Bauxite
Xiaolin Pan, Haiyan Yu, Bo Wang, Shuang Zhang, Ganfeng Tu, Shiwen Bi

8. Effect of chamosite on Bayer process of special diasporic bauxite with high silica
Wenzhong Cao, Xun Zhang, Weiwei Tian, Hong Zhong

9. The Economical Flexibility for Processing Diasporic Bauxite
Zhang Baiyong, Zhou Fenglu, Guo Shen, Liao Xinqin, Ma Chaojian, Dong Yafeng

10. Turkey Morcukur Bauxite Processng at Eti Aluminium
Meral Baygul, Sedat Arslan, Burak Ozen, Serkan Ertugral, Carlos E Suarez

11. Bauxite Residue Management
Ken Evans, Eirik Nordheim, Katy Tsesmelis

12. Tests with New Flocculant for Red Mud Decanting in Alunorte
Juracy Filho, Tatiani Santos, Humberto Lima, Américo Borges, Juarez Borges, Frederico Giust, Alexandre Rabaça

13. Red Mud Filtration Test Results using AFP IV™ Automatic Filter Press
Manfred Bach

14. Study on Dry-Method Volume Expansion Technology for Wet Red Mud Yard
Li Mingyang, Xu Shutao

15. Eti Aluminum Red Mud Characterization and Processing
Sedat Arslan, Gokhan Kursat Demir, Bekir Celikel, Meral Baygul, Carlos E Suarez

16. Studies on Metal Flow from Khondalite to Bauxite to Alumina and Rejects from an Alumina Refinery, India
B. K. Mohapatra, B. K. Mishra, C. R. Mishra

17. Directions for Large Scale Utilization of Bauxite Residue
Andrey Panov, Gennadiy Klimentenok, Gennadiy Podgorodetskiy, Vladislav Gorbunov

18. Production of Pig Iron from Nalco Redmud by Application of Plasma Smelting Technology
Parth Sarathi Mukherjee, Bhagyadhar Bhoi, Chitta Ranjan Mishra, Ramani Ranjan Dash, Bijaya Kumar Satapathy, Kalidas Jayasankar

19. Growth and agglomeration of boehmite in sodium aluminate solutions
Zhi Wang, Juan Zhang, Rongguang Xu, Zhancheng Guo

20. Physical Simulation on Mixing Uniformity in Seed Precipitation Tank
Liu Yan, Zhao Hongliang, Zhang Ting’an, Zhao Qiuyue, Wang Shuchan, Gu Songqing, He Jicheng, Zhang Chao

21. Kinetics of Boehmite Precipitation from Supersaturated Sodium Aluminate Solutions with Ethanol-Water Solvent
Zhi Wang, Rongguang Xu, Liu Yang, Zhancheng Guo

22. Effect of Crystal Growth Modifier on the Structure of Sodium Aluminate Liquors Analyzed by Raman Spectroscopy
Jianguo Yin, Wangxing Li, Zhanwei Liu, Zhaohui Su, Zhonglin Yin, Wentang Xia

23. Precipitation Area Upgrade at ETI Aluminum
Bekir Çelikel, Gokhan Kurşat Demir, Murat Kayacı, Meral Baygul, Carlos E Suarez

24. Flash- and CFB Calciners, History and Difficulties of Development of Two Calcination Technologies
Fred Williams, Hans-Werner Schmidt

25. A Specific Critical Analysis on the Life Time of Alumina Calciners Refractories
Bruno Henrique Teider, Bruce Graham, Jorge Borges Gallo, Victor Carlos Pandolfelli

26. The Key Technologies for Energy Efficient Al(OH)3 Dilute Phase Fluidized Bed Roasting Furnaces
Li Zhaoxia, Huang He, Xue Xin, Li Xiuju, Wang Huan, Huang Xingyuan

27. Fabric Filter Operating Results with 10 m Long Bags and Low Purging Pressures
C V Rasmussen, H Vittrup Pedersen

28. Optimization of Preparation for α-Alumina by Calcination from Alumninum Hydroxide Using Response Surface Methodology
Bin Zhang, Jinhui Peng, Libo Zhang, Shaohua Ju

29. Customer Impacts of Na2O and CaO in Smelter Grade Alumina
Stephen J. Lindsay

30. Options for Joint Ventures
Anthony Kjar

31. Decrease of Heat Consumption at Nepheline Processing to Alumina and By-Products
Vladimir G. Kazakov, Vadim A. Lipin

32. Influence of Sodium Oxide on Phase Composition and Self-Powder and Alumina Leaching Properties of Calcium Aluminate Slag
Yingjie Li, Zhifang Tong, Lixiu Lian

33. Influence of Titania on Phase Composition and Self-Powder and Alumina Leaching Properties of Calcium Aluminate Slag
Zhifang Tong, Yingjie Li, Lixiu Lian

34. Effect of Combined Forms of Al and Si on the Acid Leaching Performance of Fly Ash
Zhang Ting’an, LV Guozhi, Dou Zhihe, Nan Xiangli, Song Dan, Li Yan, He Jicheng

35. Study on the effect of Si and silicide on leaching Al2O3 from magnesium smelting reduction slag
You Jing, Wang Yaowu, Feng Naixiang, Peng Jianping, Di Yuezhong

36. Extracting Alumina from Coal Fly Ash Using Acid Sintering-Leaching Process
Kang Liu, Jilai Xue, Jun Zhu

37. Production of Novel Zeolite of Type Na-P From Sodium Aluminate Liquor/Spent Liquor/Alumina Tri-Hydrate of Nalco’s Alumina Refinery, Damanjodi, Orissa, India: A Unique Material for Detergent Formulation
Chitta Ranjan Mishra

38. Extracting Alumina from Coal Fly Ash with Ammonium Sulfate Sintering Process
Laishi Li, Xinqin Liao, Yusheng Wu, Yingying Liu

39. Study on Absorption of Low-Concentration SO2 with Basic Slag Intensified by Ultrasonic Wave
Xiangli Nan, Ting’an Zhang, Lu Zhang

40. Acid Cleaning of Titanium Based Scales Formed on Preheaters in the Bayer Process
İbrahim Haktan Akpinar, Oktay Uysal, Yücel Şahin, Yasemin Güldogan, Gökhan Kürşat Demir, Meral Baygül

41. Comparision of the Micro Structure and Texture Evolution in AA1050 Aluminum Alloy Sheets Produced by the DC and CC Methods
Heber Pires Otomar, Ronald Lesley Plaut

42. Study on Mechanical Properties of 2024 Al Sheet Treated by Smat and Hot/Cold Rolling
Ka-Po Cheung, San-Qiang Shi, Jian Lu

43. Effects of Asymmetrical Roll Bonding on Microstructure, Chemical Phases and Property of Copper/Aluminum Clad Sheet
Xiaobing Li, Guoyin Zu, Ping Wang, Rong Xu

44. From Molten Metal to 3.2 mm Wire for Mechanical Applications
Giuseppe E. Marcantoni

45. Finite element simulation analysis of the ultrasonic vibration forging of an aluminum cylinder workpiece
Yanxiong Liu, Qingyou Han, Lin Hua

46. Refinement of Fe-Intermetallic Compounds by Caliber Rolling Process of AL-MG-SI-FE Alloys
Chakkrist Phongphisutthinan, Hiroyasu Tezuka, Tatsuo Sato, Susumu Takamori, Yoshiaki Ohsawa

47. Analytical and Fem Modeling of Aluminum Billet Induction Heating with Experimental Verification
Mark W. Kennedy, Shahid Akhtar, Jon Arne Bakken, Ragnhild E. Aune

48. The Evolution of Mechanical Properties and Microstructure in Early Stages of Natural Ageing on 2024 Plates
Ioan Sava, Gheorghe Dobra, Cristian Stanescu, Marin Petre

49. An In-Situ Technique for Preparing Al-TiB2 and Al-Al3Ti Composites
Jun Wang, Pan Li, Chong Chen, Jing Xue

50. The Development and Validation of a New Thermodynamic Database for Aluminum Alloys
A. Markström, Y Du, S. H. Liu, L. J. Zhang, P. Mason, L. Kjellqvist, J. Bratberg, A. Engström, Q. Chen

51. Effect of Solid Particles on Fluidity of Semisolid Aluminum Alloy Slurry
Yuichiro Murakami, Kenji Miwa, Masayuki Kito, Takashi Honda, Keigo Yorioka, Naoyuki Kanetake, Shuji Tada

52. Precipitation of the θ′(Al2Cu) phase in Al-Cu-Ag alloys
Julian M. Rosalie, Laure Bourgeois, Barrington C. Muddle

53. Near Net Shaped Casting of 7050 Al Wrought Alloy by CDS Process: Microstructure and Mechanical Properties
S. Reza Ghiaasiaan, Abbas A. Khalaf, Xiaochun Zheng, Sumanth Shankar

54. Effects of Cu, Mg, and Sr Additions on the Mechanical Properties and Machinability of Near-Eutectic Al-11%S Casting Alloys
Y. Zedan, A. M. Samuel, F. H. Samuel, S. Alkahtani

55. Evolution of Iron based intermetallic Phases in Al-7wt%Si hypoeutectic alloy
Anton Gorny, Sumanth Shankar

56. A New Approach to Producing Large-Size AA7055 Aluminum Alloy Ingots
Haitao Zhang, Jianzhong Cui, Hiromi Nagaumi

57. Thermal Analysis and Microstructures of Modified Grain-Refined Al-7Si-Mg Cast Alloy
A. M. A. Mohamed, F. H. Samuel, Saleh Alkahtani

58. Effect of Solidification Velocity and Hydrogen Content on Porosity in Directionally Solidified A356 Castings
Hengcheng Liao, Qigui Wang, Wan Song, Lei Zhao, Ran Fan

59. Grain Refiner for Aluminium-Silicon Sand Casting Aloys
Magdalena Nowak, Hari Babu Nadendla

60. Neutron Diffraction Analysis of Phase Precipitation in Solidification of Hypereutectic Al-Si Alloys with the Addition of Cu and Mg
D. Sediako, W. Kasprzak

61. Refinement of Primary and Eutectic Silicon Phases in Shape Casting of Hyper-Eutectic Al-Si Alloys
M. Shamsuzzoha

62. Analysis of Thermal and Structural Parameters and Microhardess Variations in Different Al-Cu Alloys Directionally Solidified
Carlos M. Rodriguez, Adriana E. Candia, Carlos E. Schvezov, Mario R. Rosenberger, Alicia Ares

63. Modeling of as-cast A356 for coupled explicit finite element analysis
M. J. Roy, D. M. Maijer

64. Observation of Structure Evolution During Annealing of 7xxx Series Al Deformed at High Temperature
Cory G. Parker, David P. Field

65. Study of Homogenization Treatments of Cast 5xxx Series Al-Mg-Mn Alloy Modified with Zn
Akram Halap, Tamara Radetić, Miljana Popović, Endre Romhanji

66. Microstructure evolution of 7003 Al alloy by equal channel angular extrusion process
Gang Yang, Liangwei Chen, Xiaoqi Wang, Zhaohua Liu, Jiaxin Chen, Jianhong Yi, Qingnan Shi

67. Increasing mechanical properties of AA6082 by optimizing chemical compositions and processing parameters during extrusion
M. Terčelj, M. Fazarinc, G. Kugler, I. Perus

68. Effect of Strain Rate on the Microstructural Development in DC Cast Al-15Si Alloy
Wang Chunxia, Yu Fuxiao, Zhao Dazhi, Zhao Xiang, Zuo Liang

69. Influence of High-Pressure Torsion on Mechanical Properties and Microstructural Evolution in 2197 Al-Li Alloy
Yuan Yuan, Huimin Lu, Xuguang Li

70. The Role of Co-Clusters in the Artificial Aging of AA6061 and AA6060
Stefan Pogatscher, Helmut Antrekowitsch, Thomas Ebner, Peter J. Uggowitzer

71. Influence of Elastic Stress on Age Hardening of 7075 Aluminum Alloy
Zhang Jingwu, Guo Wei, Yang Meng, Li Hui, Wen Xiyu

72. Influence of Mn in Solid Solution in Softening of AA3003 Alloy During Annealing
Dionysios Spathis, John Tsiros

73. The Influence of Solution Treatment on the High-Temperature Strength of Al-Si Foundry Alloys with Ni
Florian Stadler, Helmut Antrekowitsch, Werner Fragner, Helmut Kaufmann, Peter J. Uggowitzer

74. The Effect of Artificial Aging Treatment on Microstructure and Tensile Properties of Al-12.7Si-0.7Mg Alloy
Liu Fang, Yu Fuxiao, Zhao Dazhi, Zuo Liang

75. Studies on Flow Characteristics at High-Pressure Die-Casting
Christian. M. Chimani, Richard Kretz, Simon Schneiderbauer, Stefan Puttinger, Stefan Pirker

76. Electrohydraulic Sheet Metal Forming of Aluminum Panels
John J. F. Bonnen, Sergey F. Golovashchenko, Scott A. Dawson, Alexander V. Mamutov, Alan J. Gillard

77. Metallurgical Characterization of Aluminum Alloys by Matrix Dissolution
Miguel Borodiak, Francisco P. Pinheiro, Marcelo Paes

78. Effect of Silicon Particles on the Tensile Properties of Heat Resistant Al-Si-Cu-Ni-Mg Alloy Pertaining to Different Tensile Temperature
Hsu-Chi Chuang, Truan-Sheng Lui, Li-Hui Chen

79. Factors Influencing Tensile Mechanical Properties of Al-7Si-Mg Casting Alloys A356/7
Heinrich Möller, Gonasagren Govender, Waldo Stumpf

80. Effect of tool rotational speed on the microstructures and tensile properties of 7075 aluminum alloy via Friction Stir Process (FSP)
Ming-Hsiang Ku, Fei-Yi Hung, Truan-Sheng Lui, Li-Hui Chen

81. Improving Microstructure of AISI H13 Extruding Dies Using Ion Nitriding
F. Montalvo, E. Velasco, A. Canales

82. Influence of Titanium-Boron Additions on Grain Refinement of AA2219 Gas Tungsten Arc Welds
N. Kishore Babu, Pan Dayou, Sun Zheng, Wei Jun, Mahesh Kumar Talari

83. Linear Friction Welding of a 2024 Al Alloy: Microstructural, Tensile and Fatigue Properties
Fabio Rotundo, Alessandro Morri, Lorella Ceschini

84. The Effect Of Friction Stir Welding on the Microstructure and Tensile Properties of Al 2139-T8 Alloys
Tomoko Sano, Jian Yu, Jessica Medintz, Chian-Fong Yen, Kevin Doherty

85. Friction Stir Welding of Al- Zn- Mg Alloy AA7039
Chaitanya Sharma, D. K. Dwivedi, P. Kumar

86. Post Weld Heat Treatment of Friction Stir Welded AA2017
M. M. Z. Ahmed, B. P. Wynne

87. Energy Absorption of Aluminum Foam-Filled Tubes Under Quasi-Static Axial Loading
Huan Liu, Guangchun Yao, Zhuokun Cao

88. Optimization of Process Parameters of Preparing Foamed Al-Si Alloy Based on Ga-Based BP Neural Network
Jingbo Xu, Huimin Lu, Qiang Li

89. A Study of Microstructural Stability of Friction Stir Welded Joints of Al-Mg Alloys during Subsequent Thermal Exposure
Chun-Yi Lin, Truan-Sheng Lui, Li-Hui Chen

90. Characterization of the Compressive Behaviour of an Al Foam by X-Ray Computerized Tomography
G. Costanza, F. Mantineo, S. Missori, A. Sili, M. E. Tata

91. Development of Low-Cost Video Emissions Monitoring Technique for Aluminum Smelting Applications
Michael Gershenzon, Neal R. Dando, Nathan W. Westendorf, Stephen J. Lindsay

92. Electrolytic Cell Gas Cooling Upstream of Treatment Center
El Hani Bouhabila, Bernard Cloutier, Thierry Malard, Philippe Martineau, Hugues Vendette

93. Jet Induced Boosted Suction System for Roof Vent Emission Control: New Developments and Outlooks
Jean-Nicolas Maltais, Michel Meyer, Mathieu Leduc, Guillaume Girault, Hyacinthe Rollant

94. HF Emission Reduction from Anode Butts Using Covered Trays
Jean-Pierre Gagné, René Minville, Neal R Dando, Mike Gershenzon, Steve Lindsay, Harold Frenette, Alain Moras, Gilles Dufour

95. Research and Application of Energy Saving Technology for Aluminum Reduction in China
Feng Naixiang, Peng Jianping, Wang Yaowu, Di Yuezhong, You Jin, Liao Xian’an

96. Low Energy Cell Development on AP Technology ™
O. Martin, B. Allano, E. Barrioz, Y. Caratini, A. Escande, N. Favel

97. Review on the Energy Saving Technologies Applied in Chinese Aluminum Reduction Industry
Liu Fengqin, Gu Songqing

98. Numerical Simulation on Coupled Multi-Field of the Perforated Anode in Aluminium Reduction Cells under Low Carbon Operation
Hesong Li, Xi Cao, Yingfu Tian

99. Improved Energy Management During Anode Setting Activity
Ali Jassim Banjab, Gregory Meintjes, Jose Blasques, Mohammed Sadiq, Arvind Kumar, Maryam Mohamed Al-Jallaf, Ali. H. A. M. Al Zarouni

100. The Transition Strategy at Alouette Towards Higher Productivity with a Lower Energy Consumption
P. Coursol, J. Coté, F. Laflamme, P. Thibault, A. Biais, D. Lavoie, S. Gosselin

101. Experimental Studies of the Impact of Anode Pre-heating
Otavio Fortini, Srinivas Garimella, Edwin Kuhn, Yimin Ruan, Benyam Yacob, Jack Sorensen

102. Depth Analysis and Potentiality Exploitation on Energy-Saving and Consumption-Reduction of Aluminum Reduction Pot
Zhou Jianfei, Marc Dupuis, Yan Feiya, Yi Xiaobing, Huang Jun

103. Development and Application of SAMI’s Low Voltage Energy-Saving Technology
Zhou Dongfang, Yang Xiaodong, Liu Wei

104. Twin air compressor for energy saving and back up capability
Anne-Gaëlle Hequet

105. Latest Results from PFC Investigation in China
Li Wangxing, Chen Xiping, Yang Jianhong, Hu Changping, Liu Yonggang, Li Defeng, Guo Huifang

106. Studies of Perfluorocarbon Formation on Anodes in Cryolite Melts
Ole S. Kjos, Thor Anders Aarhaug, Egil Skybakmoen, Asbjørn Solheim

107. Characteristics of in Situ Alumina Pid Ore Feed Control
Michael Schneller

108. Towards On-line Monitoring of Alumina Properties at a Pot Level
Jayson Tessier, Gary P. Tarcy, Eliezer Batista, Xiangwen Wang

109. Controlling the Variability of Pots KPVs: The Variability Matrix
Pierre Baillot, Jean-Paul M. Aussel, Armand Vasselot

110. Multivariate Statistical Investigation of Carbon Consumption for HSS Reduction Cell
Tatyana V. Piskazhova, Peter V. Polyakov, Nikita A. Sharypov, Alexander V. Krasovitsky, Sergey A. Sorokin

111. Experiences with Alstom’s new Alfeed system at Emal
Sivert Ose, Bjørn Leikvang, Sunny John Mathew, Geir Wedde, Anders Sørhuus, Odd Bjarnø

112. Computer Algorithm to Predict Anode Effect Events
Fernando Costa, Leonardo Paulino, Carlos Braga, Rodrigo Ramada, Ivar Sousa

113. Influence of the Sulphur Content in the Carbon Anodes in Aluminium Electrolysis — a Laboratory Study
Stanislaw Pietrzyk, Jomar Thonstad

114. Concentration Gradients of Individual Anion Species in the Cathode Boundary Layer of Aluminium Reduction Cells
Asbjørn Solheim

115. Electrochemical Behaviour of Carbon Anodes in Na3AlF6-K3AlF6-Based Low-Melting Electrolytes for Aluminium Electrolysis
Guihua Wang, Xiaofei Sun, Wenyan Zhao, Dandan Yang

116. Operating Parameters of Aluminum Electrolysis in a KF-AlF3 BASED Electrolyte
Olga Tkacheva, John Hryn, Jeff Spangenberger, Boyd Davis, Tom Alcorn

117. Effect of KF Additions in NA3ALF6-AL2O3 Electrolytes on Expansion of Cathode Blocks
Zhang Yuehong, Feng Naixiang, Peng Jianping, Wang Yaowu, Han Yeyv, Zhai Xiujin

118. Preparing Aluminium-Scandium Inter-Alloys During Reduction Process in KF-ALF3-SC2O3 MELTS
Qiaochu Liu, Jilai Xue, Jun Zhu, Chunyang Guan

119. Liquidus Temperatures of the System Na3AlF6-K3AlF6-AlF3

Lai Yanqing, Xin Pengfei, Tian Zhongliang, Wei Chenjuan, Chen Duan, Li Jie

120. DX+, An Optimized Version of DX Technology
Ali Zarouni, Abdalla Zarouni, Nadia Ahli, Sergey Akhmetov, Ibrahim Baggash, Lalit Mishra, Amal Al Jasmi, Marwan Bastaki, Michel Reverdy

121. AP40: the latest of the AP Technology™ solutions
L. Fiot, O. Martin, B. Champel, S. Fardeau, P. Bon, D. Munoz

122. A Techno-Economic Optimization Model for Aluminium Electrolysis Production
Yanfang Zhang, Wangxing Li, Jianhong Yang, Dengpeng Chai, Shilin Qiu, Jingyi Li

123. The Successful Implementation of Dubal DX Technology at Emal
Ali Al Zarouni, Michel Reverdy, Abdalla Al Zarouni, Kamel Al Aswad, Nadia Ahli, Marwan Bastaki, Amal Al Jasmi, B. K. Kakkar, David Spencer, Walid Al Sayed

124. Commissioning of Emirates Aluminium Smelter Potlines
B. K. Kakkar, David S. Spencer, Walid Al-Sayed, Salman Abdulla

125. Update on the Development of D18 Cell Technology at Dubal
Daniel Whitfield, Tariq Majeed, Sergey Akhmetov, Maryam Mohamed Al-Jallaf, Kamel Al-Aswad, Ibrahim Baggash, Ali Al-Zarouni

126. Prebake Potline Restart after Power Supply Interruption
Mikhail Lukin, John Johnsson

127. The Restart of Two Idled Pot Lines at Ormet Primary Aluminum
Cecil Smith, Mark Christman

128. Vertical Stud Søderberg Technology Development by UC Rusal in 2004–2010 (Part 1)
Victor Buzunov, Victor Mann, Evgeniy Chichuk, Nikolay Pitercev, Igor Cherskikh, Vladimir Frizorger

129. Vertical Stud Søderberg Technology Development by UC Rusal in 2004 – 2010 (Part 2 — Eco-Søderberg Technology)
Vladimir Frizorger, Victor Mann, Evgeniy Chichuk, Victor Buzunov, Elena Marakushina, Nikolay Pitercev, Igor Cherskikh, Eduard Gilderbrandt

130. Uniform Cathode Current Collection / Distribution Effect on Cell Stability (Nine Months of Continuous Treatment of a Sick Cell)
Hadi Fanisalek

131. Cryoscopic Data for Hall-Héroult Bath Containing Magnesium Fluoride, Calcium Fluoride, Potassium Cryolite, and Sodium Chloride
Asbjørn Solheim, Lisbet Støen, Jannicke Kvello

132. Potentiometric Fluoride Analysis with Improved Analytical Performance
Thor A. Aarhaug, Kalman Nagy, Kieran G. Smith

133. Mechanism of Transport Between the Anode-Bath Interface and the Active Bubble Generation Sites in Hall-Héroult Cells
Sándor Poncsák, László I Kiss

134. Depolarized Gas Anodes for Electrowinning of Aluminium From Cryolite-Alumina Melts in a Laboratory Cell
Geir Martin Haarberg, Saijun Xiao, Arne Petter Ratvik, Tommy Mokkelbost

135. Reduction of the Operating Temperature of Aluminum Electrolysis: Low Temperature Electrolyte
Alexey Apisarov, Juan Barreiro, Alexander Dedyukhin, Leopoldo Galán, Alexander Redkin, Olga Tkacheva, Yuri Zaikov

136. Specific Molecular Features of Potassium-Containing Cryolite Melts
Galina Tsirlina, Evgeny Antipov, Dmitrii Glukhov, Alexander Gusev, Veronika Laurinavichute, Renat Nazmutdinov, Dmitry Simakov, Sergey Vassiliev, Tamara Zinkicheva

137. Aluminum Flouride Purity Test by Different Techniques
Hussain Al Halwachi

138. Micro-Raman Spectra Research on NaF-AlF3-NaCl Melts
Hu Xianwei, Liu Jingjing, Li Huan, Gao Bingliang, Shi Zhongning, Yu Yaxin, Wang Zhaowen

139. GHG Measurement and Inventory for Aluminum Production
Jerry Marks, Chris Bayliss

140. Optimization and CFD Simulation in the Ventilation of AP60 Reduction Cell Buildings
Siegmar U. Baltuch, Edmund G. Baltuch

141. HEX Retrofit Enables Smelter Capacity Expansion
Hussain Ali Al Qassab, Sayed Salah Aqeel Ali Mohd, Geir Wedde, Anders Sørhuus

142. Experimental and Theoretical Study on the Fluidization of Alumina Fluoride Used in the Aluminum Smelter Processes
Paulo Douglas S. Vasconcelos, André L. Amarante Mesquita

143. A Method for Comparing the HF Formation Potential of Aluminas with Different Water Contents
Camilla Sommerseth, Karen Sende Osen, Christian Rosenkilde, Astrid J. Meyer, Linda T. Kristiansen, Thor Anders Aarhaug

144. Visualising the Sources of Potroom Dust in Aluminium Smelters
David S. Wong, Nursiani I. Tjahyono, Margaret M. Hyland

145. Impurity Elements in Raw Gas Ultra-Fines from Aluminium Electrolysis Cells
Heiko Gaertner, Arne Petter Ratvik, Thor Anders Aarhaug

146. Current Distribution and Lorentz Field Modelling Using Cathode Designs: A Parametric Approach
Subrat Das, Guy Littlefair

147. Electromagnetic and MHD Study to Improve Cell Performance of an End-to-End 86 KA Potline
Amit Gupta, Manoj Chulliparambil, Sankar Namboothiri, Satheesh Mani, Biswajit Basu, Jinil Janardhanan

148. Study on the Influences of Potline Status on the Magnetic Fields of Aluminum Reduction cells
Qi Xiquan

149. Modeling of Interface of Electrolyte/Aluminum Melt in Aluminum Reduction Cell with Novel Cathode Structure
Baokuan Li, Fang Wang, Xiaobo Zhang, Fengsheng Qi, Naixiang Feng

150. The Use of Vortex Method in the Analysis of Multiphase Flow in Aluminum Reduction Cells
Zhang Hehui, Zhang Hongliang, Li Jie, Xu Yujie, Yang Shuai, Lai Yanqing

151. Anodic Bubble Behaviour in Hall-Héroult Cells
Kristian Etienne Einarsrud, Stein Tore Johansen, Ingo Eick

152. Numerical Investigation of Bubble Dynamics in Aluminium Electrolytic Cells
Kaiyu Zhang, Yuqing Feng, Phil Schwarz, Mark Cooksey, Zhaowen Wang

153. Integrated Desalination and Primary Aluminium Production
Anders Kenneth Sorhuus, Geir Wedde, Dario Breschi, Nolwenn Favel, Guillaume Girault

154. Study of Busbar Displacement of Aluminum Reduction Cells
Qi Xiquan

155. Impact of Amperage Creep on Potroom Busbars: Thermal-Mechanical Aspects
Andre Felipe Schneider, Daniel Richard, Olivier Charette

156. Effective insulation control monitoring system: the CANDI™ solution for a safer production
Anne-Gaëlle Hequet

157. Maximize efficiency and safety of smelters through advanced multipurpose simulator solutions
Anne-Gaëlle Hequet

158. Potline Open Circuit Protection
Dominique Duval, Michel Jacon, Andy Johnston, Didier Lamant, Pierre Marcellin, Roland Mathevon, Laurent Troubat

159. Simulating traffic in a potroom, can this bring real cost savings?
Maarten Meijer

160. Modeling Cathode Cooling Due to Power Interruption
Marc Dupuis, Alton T. Tabereaux

161. Modeling the Mass and Energy Balance of Different Aluminium Smelting Cell Technologies
Vanderlei Gusberti, Dagoberte S. Severo, Barry J. Welch, Maria Skyllas-Kazacos

162. Current Efficiency Predictive Model and Its Calibration and Validation
Zhiming Liu, Wangxing Li, Qingjie Zhao, Jiemin Zhou, Yueyong Wang

163. Wireless and Non-Contacting Measurement of Individual Anode Currents in Hall-Héroult Pots; Experience and Benefits
James W. Evans, Nobuo Urata

164. Impacts of Anode Set on the Energy Re-distribution of PB Aluminum Smelting Cells
C. Y. Cheung, C. Menictas, J. Bao, M. Skyllas-Kazacos, B. J. Welch

165. Dimensional Analysis in Cold Water Model Experiments of New Cathode Structure Aluminum Cell
Liu Yan, Zhang Ting’an, Li Chong, Zhao Qiuyue, Wang Shuchan, Feng Naixiang, He Jicheng

166. Flow Field Comparison Between Traditional Cell and New Structure Cell by Chaclo by CFD Method
Zhiming Liu, Fengqin Liu, Yueyong Wang

167. Effect of Grain Refiner Amount on the Hot Tearing of 6xxx Alloys During DC Casting
Muhammad Umar Farooq Chandia, Arild Hǻkonsen, John Erik Hafsǻs

168. Grain Refining of Pure Aluminum
L. Han, C. Vian, J. Song, Z. Liu, Q. Han, C. Xu, L. Shao

169. Study on the Microstructure Changes of Hypereutectic Aluminum Casting Alloy Using Ultrasonic Vibration Process
Jie Song, Qingyou Han

170. A Mathematical Model and Computer Simulations for Predicting the Response of Aluminum Casting Alloys to Heat Treatment
ChangKai Lance Wu, Makhlouf M. Makhlouf

171. Understanding and Improving Chemical Capability in the Casthouse
K. Halse, A. L. Bowles

172. Effect of water content of frozen mold on fluidity of aluminum alloy
Naoki Omura, Shuji Tada

173. Simulation Tools to Complement Cast House Design and Daily Operation
Laszlo G. Tikasz, Robert I. McCulloch, Scheale Duvah Pentiah, Robert F. Baxter

174. Formation of Microstructure in Al-Si Alloys Under Ultrasonic Melt Treatment
L. Zhang, D. G. Eskin, A. Miroux, L. Katgerman

175. Automated Measurement of Liquid Metal Heel and Full Furnace Weight in Tilting Furnaces
John H Courtenay

176. Development of a New Generation Electromagnetic Metal Moving System
Graham Guest, Stephen Williams, Paolo Gastaldi

177. Six Years Experience from Low-Temperature Oxyfuel in Primary and Re-Melting Aluminium Cast Houses
Henrik Gripenberg, Anders Johansson, Ken Torvanger

178. Energy and Maintenance Cost Savings Review at Several Us Aluminum die Cast Manufacturers Using Unique, Non-Wetting, Micro-Porous Refractory Products
Robert M. Cullen, Kenneth A McGowan

179. Quality Comparison between Molten Metal from Remelted Sheets; Mill Finish and Coated
Anne Kvithyld, Arne Nordmark, Derya Dispinar, Sara Ghaderi, Kyle Lapointe

180. Numerical Modeling of Oxy-Fuel and Air-Fuel Burners for Aluminium Melting
Jørgen Furu, Andreas Buchholz, Trond Harald Bergstrøm, Knut Marthinsen

181. A New Approach to Identify Aluminum Dross Reduction Opportunities Using an Integrated Weighing System
Simon L’Heureux, Vincent Goutière, Joseph Langlais, Peter Waite, David-Alexandre Tremblay

182. Statistical Analysis of Dross Data for Hydro Aluminium Casthouses
Christian Rosenkilde, Amanda L. Bowles, Inge Johansen

183. Wettability of Aluminium with Aluminium Carbide (Graphite) in Aluminium Filtration
Sarina Bao, Kai Tang, Anne Kvithyld, Thorvald Abel Engh, Merete Tangstad

184. A New Fused Magnesium Chloride Containing Refining Flux Based on a Ternary System
John H Courtenay

185. High Frequency Electromagnetic Separation of Inclusions from Aluminum
Lucas Nana Wiredu Damoah, Lifeng Zhang

186. Measurement of Non-Metallic Inclusions in the Size Range of 10–20μm by LiMCA
Mark Badowski, Stephen Instone

187. Relationship between the Permeability of the Porous Disk Filter and the Filtrate Weight — Time Curves Generated with the PoDFA / Prefil® Footprinter Method
Stephen Instone, Daniel Krings, Gerd Ulrich Gruen, Roland Schmoll, Mark Badowski

188. Study of Ni-Impurity Removal from Al Melt
M. A. Rhamdhani, M. A. Dewan, J. Mitchell, C. J. Davidson, G. A. Brooks, M. Easton, J. F. Grandfield

189. Improving Strip Surface Quality of AA6111 alloy using Different Casting Atmospheres for the Horizontal Single Belt Strip Casting (HSBC) Process
Donghui Li, Mihaiela Isac, Roderick Guthrie

190. Influence of Direct Chill Casting Process Variables on Surface Quality of Aluminum Alloy Sheet Ingots
M. O. El-Bealy

191. Square rolling slabs from start of casting — the elimination of butt swell
Arild Håkonsen, Harald Næss, Terje Iveland, Idar Kjetil Steen

192. Residual Stresses in As-Cast Billets: Neutron Diffraction Measurement and Thermomechanical Modeling
J.-M. Drezet, Th. Pirling, C. Jaquerod

193. Can the Aluminium Industry Learn from Another Industry’s Catastrophe?
Alex W. Lowery, Terry Bateman, Joe Roberts

194. Deformation Behaviors of Pure Al and Al-4.5mass%Cu Alloy in Semi-Solid State
Nobuhito Sakaguchi

195. Chemical Additions to Reduce Hot Tearing in the Cast House
L. Sweet, J. A. Taylor, M. A. Easton, M. J. Couper, N. Parson

196. Adaptive Fuzzy Controller for Ball Mill in Anode Plant
Edson Cruz

197. Use of Under Calcined Coke to Produce Baked Anodes for Aluminium Reduction Lines
Daniel Sulaiman, Rajesh Garg

198. 60 TPH Single Line Green Anode Plant Commissioned at Qatalum
Christophe Bouché, Sunil Bhajun, Bertrand Somnard

199. Improvement of Anode Paste Quality and Performance of Alcoa Lista
Nils Einar Saue, Jon Ola Ystgaard, Jon-Inge Johannessen, Markus W. Meier, Raymond C. Perruchoud

200. Baked Anode Quality Improvement Through Optimization of Green Anode Plant Ultra Fine Content in Ball Mill Product and Process Parameters
Daniel Sulaiman, Masood Toorani, Rajesh Garg

201. Baked Anode Quality Improvement Through Optimization of Green Anode Processing
Xu Haifei, Fan Lijun, Zhang Yang, Sun Yi, Cui Yinhe

202. Anode Quality and Bake Furnace Performance of Emal
Raja Javed Akhtar, Markus W. Meier, Peter O. Sulger, Werner K. Fischer, Ralph Friedrich, Thomas Janousch

203. Experiences in FTC Design, Operation and Development
Erik Dupon, Peter Klut, Edo Engel

204. Boost of Anode Production at Voerde Aluminium by Advanced and Integrated Control Strategies
Christian Krupp, Michael Schneider, Detlef Maiwald, Domenico Di Lisa

205. New Central Control System Architecture for Anode Baking Furnaces
Nicolas Fiot, Xavier Genin

206. Methods to Improve Fuel Utilization for Open Top Anode Baking Furnaces
Rifu Lin, Shoulei Gao, Lin Tang, Yan Li

207. Energy Saving Technologies for Anode Manufacturing
Zhao Qingcai, Zhao Jingli, Miao Xingli, Wang Lihai

208. Evolution of Anode Grade Coke Quality
Les Edwards, Nigel Backhouse, Hans Darmstadt, Marie-Josée Dion

209. Studies on the Impact of Calcined Petroleum Coke from Different Sources on Anode Quality
Binuta Patra, R. K. Barik

210. Prebaked Anode from Coal Extract (3) — Carbonization Properties of Hypercoal and Its Blends with Binder Pitch
Maki Hamaguchi, Noriyuki Okuyama, Takahiro Shishido, Koji Sakai, Nobuyuki Komatsu, Naoki Kikuchi, Toshinori Inoue, Jiro Koide, Hideki Kasahara

211. Importance of Primary Quinoline Insoluble in Binder Pitch for Anode
Minoru Sakai, Yulong Wang, Takashi Fukuoka, Hitomi Hatano

212. Investigation on Air Reactivity and Electrolysis Consumption of Anode Carbons with Anthracite Additions
Jilai Xue, Meizhi Han, Jun Zhu, Luxing Feng, Huanhuan Ma

213. Experiences on Anode Reconstruction Process in Søderberg Technology
C. E. Zangiacomi, J. L. Garcia Garcia, A. L. T. Abreu, C. R. Kato

214. Cathode performance evaluation at Votorantim Metais — CBA
Jean C. Pardo, Paulo da Silva Pontes, Thiago Finotti, Alexandre M. P. Lima

215. Green, Safe and Clean Carbon Products for the Aluminium Electrolysis Pots
Bénédicte Allard, Régis Paulus

216. A New Material for Collector Bar Sealing — LRM2
Thiago Simões, Márcio Guimarães, Marcelo Assunção

217. Dry Barrier Mix in Reduction Cell Cathodes
Richard Jeltsch, Chen Cairong

218. Improving the Precision and Productivity of Green Coke Volatile Matter Analysis
Kevin Hon, Les Edwards, James Marino, Marvin Lubin

219. Discrete Element Method Applied to the Vibration Process of Coke Particles
Behzad Majidi, Kamran Azari, Houshang Alamdari, Mario Fafard, Donald Ziegler

220. Vibrated Bulk Density using Semi-automated Device: Simplifying Sample Preparation while Improving Accuracy and Precision
Jignesh Panchal, Jeffrey Rolle

221. Characterization of Pre-Baked Carbon Anode Samples Using X-Ray Computed Tomography and Porosity Estimation
Donald Picard, Houshang Alamdari, Donald Ziegler, Bastien Dumas, Mario Fafard

222. Diagnosing Anode Quality Problems Using Optical Macroscopy
Barry A. Sadler

223. Properties and Production Conditions Affecting Crack Formation and Propagation in Carbon Anodes
O. E. Frosta, A. P. Ratvik, H. A. Øye

224. New Method for Representative Measurement of Anode Electrical Resistance
M. J. Chollier-Brym, D. Laroche, A. Alexandre, M. Landry, C. Simard, L. Simard, D. Ringuette

225. Increasing Coke Impurities — Is this Really a Problem for Metal Quality?
Gyan Jha, Frank Cannova, Barry Sadler

226. Aluminum Electrolysis Anti-Oxidation Coating Carbon Anode
Shaohua Yang, Fengli Yang, Lin Wu, Mingzhou Li, Xianwei Hu, Zhaowen Wang, Zhongning Shi, Bingliang Gao

227. Spent Potlining: an Update
Rudolf P. Pawlek

228. Analysis of Porous Structures of Graphitic Cathode Materials and the Correlation to Penetrated Sodium
Xiang Li, Jilai Xue, Jun Zhu, Qingcheng Zhang

229. Characterization of Carbon Cathode Materials by X-Ray Microtomography
Martin Brassard, Martin Lebeuf, Alexandre Blais, Loig Rivoaland, Martin Désilets, Gervais Soucy

230. New Observations in Creep Behaviour of Ramming Paste in Aluminium Electrolysis Cell
Sakineh Orangi, Donald Picard, Houshang Alamdari, Donald Ziegler, Mario Fafard

231. Wetting of KF-ALF3-Based Melts on Graphite Cathode Materials for Aluminum Electrolysis
Yanan Zhang, Jilai Xue, Jun Zhu, Xiang Li

232. Fundamentals of Aluminium Carbide Formation
B. Novak, K. Tschöpe, A. P. Ratvik, T. Grande

233. Investigation of the Cathode Wear Mechanism in a Laboratory Test Cell
Kati Tschöpe, Anne Støre, Stein Rørvik, Asbjørn Solheim, Egil Skybakmoen, Tor Grande, Arne Petter Ratvik

234. Study on Graphitization of Cathode Carbon Blocks for Aluminum Electrolysis
Gao Feng, Feng Naixiang, Niu Qingren, He Hua, Han Liguo, Yang Jianzhuang

235. Electrolysis Expansion Performance of Modified Pitch Based TiB2-C Composite Cathode in [K3AlF6/Na3AlF6]-AlF3-Al2O3 Melts
Fang Zhao, Xu jian, Hou Jin-long, Lo Lin-bo, Zhu Jun

236. Development of Technology for Producing a Wettable Coating on a Carbon Cathode by Electrodeposition
G. V. Arkhipov, Y. S. Gorlanov

237. Pulse Electro-deposition of TiB2 onto Graphite from TiO2-B2O3-KF-LiF Melts
Bing Li, Lushan Jiang, Heng Wang, Zhiwei Weng, Zhuxin Zhao

238. Ball-Milled Cu-Ni-Fe-O Materials as Inert Anodes for Aluminum Electrolysis in Low-Temperature KF-AlF3 Electrolyte
S. Helle, B. Davis, D. Guay, L. Roué

239. Effect of Nanopowder Content on Properties of NiFe2O4 Matrix Inert Anode for Aluminum Electrolysis
Zhigang Zhang, Yihan Liu, Guangchun Yao, Di Wu, Junfei Ma

240. Effect of MnO2 Addition on Early-Stage Sintering Behavior and Properties of NiFe2O4 Ceramics
Jinjing Du, Yihan, Liu, Guangchun Yao, Xiuli Long, Xiao Zhang

241. Study on the Inert Anode for Al Electrolysis Based on the NiFe2O4 Spinel Ceramics
Yihan Liu, Ming Zhao, Jing Li

Keywords: Materials Science, Metallic Materials, Materials Engineering, Light Construction, Steel Construction, Timber Construction

Editor
Publisher
Springer
Publication year
2016
Language
en
Edition
1
Page amount
1439 pages
Category
Technology, Energy, Traffic
Format
Ebook
eISBN (PDF)
9783319481791
Printed ISBN
978-3-319-48570-6

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