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Peacock, Richard D.

Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics

Peacock, Richard D. - Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics, ebook

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ISBN: 9781441997258
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Table of contents

1. Five Grand Challenges in Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics
J. D. Averill

2. Emergency Door Capacity: Influence of Population Composition and Stress Level
W. Daamen, S.P. Hoogendoorn

3. Overall and Local Movement Speeds During Fire Drill Evacuations in Buildings up to 31 Stories
R. D. Peacock, B. L. Hoskins, E. D. Kuligowski

4. Predicting the Probability of Evacuation Congestion Occurrence Relating to Elapsed Time and Vertical Section in a High-rise Building
J. Choi, H. Hwang, W. Hong

5. Employing Human Egress Data
S.M.V. Gwynne

6. New Data for Human Performance in Planar Corridors
A. Winkens, W. Klingsch, A. Seyfried

7. Influence of Geometry Parameters on Pedestrian Flow through Bottleneck
T. Rupprecht, W. Klingsch, A. Seyfried

8. Real-Time Video Analysis of Pedestrians to Support Agent Simulation of People Behavior
O. Junker, V. Strauss, R. Majer, N. Link

9. Free Walking Speeds on Stairs: Effects of Stair Gradients and Obesity of Pedestrians
T. Fujiyama, N. Tyler

10. Travel Along Stairs by Individuals with Disabilities: A Summary of Devices Used During Routine Travel and Travel During Emergencies
G. E. Hedman

11. The Evacuation Training Problems of an Earthquake in China
C. Lu

12. An Experimental Evaluation of Movement Devices Used to Assist People with Reduced Mobility in High-Rise Building Evacuations
A.P.M. Adams, E.R. Galea

13. Evacuation Dynamics of Children – Walking Speeds, Flows Through Doors in Daycare Centers
A. R. Larusdottir, A. S. Dederichs

14. Evacuation Analysis of 1000+ Seat Blended Wing Body Aircraft Configurations: Computer Simulations and Full-scale Evacuation Experiment
E. R. Galea, L. Filippidis, Z. Wang, P. J. Lawrence, J. Ewer

15. Collection of Evacuation Data for Large Passenger Vessels at Sea
E.R. Galea, R.C. Brown, L. Filippidis, S. Deere

16. Experimental Research on Investigation of Metro Passenger Evacuation Behaviors in Case of Emergency
H. Li, Z. Maohua, S. Congling, S. Jiehong, C. Haicheng, X. Qiaoxiang

17. Modelling Random Taste Variations on Level Changes in Passenger Route Choice in a Public Transport Station
I. Zeiler, C. Rudloff, D. Bauer

18. Extended Range Telepresence for Evacuation Training in Pedestrian Simulations
A. Pérez Arias, U. D. Hanebeck, P. Ehrhardt, S. Hengst, T. Kretz, P. Vortisch

19. Proof of Concept: Use of Eye-Tracking to Record How People Use Exit Signage
R. C. Till, J. S. Babcock

20. Measurement Techniques for Unannounced Evacuation Experiments
D. Nilsson, H. Frantzich

21. Automation of Pedestrian Tracking in a Crowded Situation
S. Saadat, K. Teknomo

22. Pre-Warning Staff Delay: A Forgotten Component in ASET/RSET Calculations
S.M.V. Gwynne, D. Purser, D.L. Boswell

23. Fundamental Diagrams for Pedestrian Networks
S.P. Hoogendoorn, M.C. Campanella, W. Daamen

24. Modeling of Human Behavior in Crowds Using a Cognitive Feedback Approach
Y. E. Papelis, L. J. Bair, S. Manepalli, P. Madhavan, R. Kady, E. Weisel

25. How Do People with Disabilities Consider Fire Safety and Evacuation Possibilities in Historical Buildings?
S. Bengtson, L. Kecklund, E. Siré, K. Andrée, S. Willander

26. Risk Minimizing Evacuation Strategies under Uncertainty
G. Lämmel, H. Klüpfel, K. Nagel

27. Methods for Improving Efficiency of Queuing Systems
D. Yanagisawa, Y. Suma, Y. Tanaka, A. Tomoeda, K. Ohtsuka, K. Nishinari

28. A Stochastic Evacuation Model for Fire Life Safety Assessment in Transportation System
K. Kang

29. Cellular Automata Evacuation Model Considering Information Transfer in Building with Obstacles
L. Yang, K. Zhu, S. Liu

30. Quickest Cluster Flow Problems
H. W. Hamacher, K. Leiner, S. Ruzika

31. Virtual Reality Simulation of Architectural Clues’ Effects on Human Behavior and Decision Making in Fire Emergency Evacuation
Sh. F. Abu-Safieh

32. A Multi-Grid Model for Evacuation Coupling With the Effects of Fire Products
Z. Fang, W. Song, H. Wu

33. Runtime Optimization of Force Based Models within the Hermes Project
A. Seyfried, M. Chraibi, U. Kemloh, J. Mehlich, A. Schadschneider

34. A Dynamic Simulation on Crowd Congestion in Large-Scale Terminal Station Complex in an Official Announcement Advisory Information
Q. Cui, M. Ichikawa, T. Kaneda, H. Deguchi

35. Evacuation Assistance for a Sports Arena Using a Macroscopic Network Model
A. Schomborg, K. Nökel, A. Seyfried

36. Validation of a Potential-based Evacuation Model of City Residents in Post-earthquake Fire
T. Nishino, S. Tsuburaya, K. Himoto, T. Tanaka

37. Assistance of Evacuation Planning with High-Speed Network Model-based Pedestrian Simulator
T. Yamashita, S. Soeda, I. Noda

38. An Evacuation Model for High Speed Trains
J.A. Capote, D. Alvear, O. Abreu, M. Lázaro, A. Cuesta

39. A Comparison of Grid-based and Continuous Space Pedestrian Modelling Software: Analysis of Two UK Train Stations
C. J. E. Castle, N. P. Waterson, E. Pellissier, S. Bail

40. Implementing a Hybrid Space Discretisation within an Agent Based Evacuation Model
N. Chooramun, P.J. Lawrence, E.R. Galea

41. Bidirectional Coupling of Macroscopic and Microscopic Approaches for Pedestrian Behavior Prediction
A. Kneidl, M. Thiemann, A. Borrmann, S. Ruzika, H.W. Hamacher, G. Köster, E. Rank

42. Emergency Evacuation Modeling: A Novel Approach to Layout Designs and Evacuation Procedures
R. A. Kady, A. Tolk

43. The Use of Fine – Coarse Network Model for Simulating Building Evacuation with Information System
M. Cisek, M. Kapalka

44. Simulation of Pedestrian Flow outside a Singleexit Room in Mean-field Approximation Model
J. Zhang, W. Song

45. A Sandwich Approach for Evacuation Time Bounds
H.W. Hamacher, S. Heller, W. Klein, G. Köster, S. Ruzika

46. A Knowledge-based Approach to Crowd Classification
S. Bandini, L. Manenti, S. Manzoni, F. Sartori

47. Towards Realistic Modeling of Crowd Compressibility
J. Wąs, W. Myśliwiec, R. Lubaś

48. Towards Automatic and Robust Adjustment of Human Behavioral Parameters in a Pedestrian Stream Model to Measured Data
M. Davidich, G. Koester

49. Comparing Pedestrian Movement Simulation Models for a Crossing Area Based on Real World Data
D. Bauer

50. Towards a Calibration of the Floor Field Cellular Automaton
A. Schadschneider, C. Eilhardt, S. Nowak, R. Will

51. To See Behind the Curtain – A Methodical Approach to Identify Calculation Methods of Closed-Source Evacuation Software Tools
C. Rogsch, W. Klingsch

52. Analyzing Stop-and-Go Waves by Experiment and Modeling
A. Portz, A. Seyfried

53. Experimental Study of Crowd Flow Passing through Simple-shaped Room and Validation for an Evacuation Simulator
T. Sano, Y. Yoshida, N. Takeichi, T. Kimura, Y. Minegishi

54. Calculating and Verifying the Staircase-length for Evacuation Analysis
Hwang Hyun-seung, Choi Jun-ho, Hong Won-hwa

55. Addressing the Needs of People using Elevators for Emergency Evacuation
R. W. Bukowski

56. Stairs or Lifts? - A Study of Human Factors Associated With Lift/Elevator Usage during Evacuations Using an Online Survey
M.J Kinsey, E.R Galea, P.J Lawrence

57. Elevator Evacuation Algorithms
M-L. Siikonen, J. S. Sorsa

58. Experiments for the Feasibility Study of the Evacuation by Moving Escalator in Public Space
E. Okamoto, Y. Hasemi, S. Moriyama, N. Okada

59. Assessing Crowd Dynamics and Spectator Safety in Seated Area at a Football Stadium
S.Y.Z. Au, J. Gilroy, R.A. Haslam

60. Stay or Go? Human Behavior in Major Evacuations
P. F. Johnson, C. E. Johnson, C. Sutherland

61. Analysis of Occupant Behavior During a Highrise Office Building Fire
E. D. Kuligowski, B. L. Hoskins

62. Accessibility and Evacuation Planning – Similarities and Differences
J. Bendel, H. Klüpfel

63. Micro-Simulation Modeling of Persons with Reduced Mobility: Is the London Framework Applicable in North America and Does it Affect Modeling Output
D. A. Fisher, A. Jenkins

64. Prospects for the Design of Cognitive Systems that Manage the Movement of Large Crowds
N. E. Groner, E. Miller-Hooks, L. Feng

65. Risk Management at Major Events - Study of Behavioral Aspects and Implementation into the ASERI Microscopic Evacuation Mode
R. Könnecke, V. Schneider

66. Crowd Management Based on Scientific Research to Prevent Crowd Panic and Disasters
S. Al Bosta

67. The Effect of Stair Width on Occupant Speed and Flow Rate for Egress of High Rise Buildings
A. J. Blair, J. A. Milke

68. Using Stereo Recordings to Extract Pedestrian Trajectories Automatically in Space
M. Boltes, A. Seyfried, B. Steffen, A. Schadschneider

69. A Methodology to Calibrate Pedestrian Walker Models Using Multiple-Objectives
M. C. Campanella, S. P.Hoogendoorn, W. Daamen

70. Influence of Doorway Width on Emergency Door Capacity
W. Daamen, S. P. Hoogendoorn

71. An Example of Complex Pedestrian Route Choice
F. Gräßle, T. Kretz

72. Sensor-Assisted Support Tools for Live Evacuation
S. Grindrod, S. Welch, J. Fraser-Mitchell

73. Mutual Information for the Detection of Crush
P. J. Harding, M. Amos, S.M.V. Gwynne

74. Evacuation Planning Tool (EPT) for Emergency, Event and Space Planning
M. Harmon, J. Joseph

75. Counterflow Model for FDS+Evac Simulations
S. Heliövaara, T. Korhonen

76. A Study on Evacuation Simulation after Earthquake in Consumer Facilities
A. Hokugo, T. Kaneko, A. Sekizawa, S. Kakegawa, H. Notake

77. Introducing Emotion Modelling to Agent-Based Pedestrian Circulation Simulation
C. Hollmann, P. J. Lawrence, E. R. Galea

78. A Study of Density of the Person in a Classroom for Building Evacuation Safety Regulations in Korea
H. Youn, Y. Hwang, Y. Kwon

79. Experiments on Egress of Persons with Mobile Disability in Train Car
K. Jong-Hoon, K. Woon-Hyung, R. Sam-Kew, L. Duck-Hee, J. Woo-Sung, H. Kyung

80. On Time Scaling and Validation of a Stochastic CA Pedestrian Dynamics Model
E. Kirik, T. Yurgel’yan, D. Krouglov

81. FDS+Evac: Modelling Pedestrian Movement in Crowds
T. Korhonen, S. Heliövaara

82. Behaviour and Perception-based Pedestrian Evacuation Simulation
T. Kretz, G. Mayer, A. Mühlberger

83. Analysis of Bottleneck Motion Using Voronoi Diagrams
J. Liddle, A. Seyfried, B. Steffen

84. Human Guiding, Turning Theory into Practice
J. Lindström, L. Barna, P. Stevn, R. Eggleton

85. Modeling Evacuation in Selected Types of Buildings and an Analysis of the Achieved Results
M. Lopušniak

86. Experimental Investigation on the Pair Interaction Between Pedestrians
J. Ma, W. G. Song, S. M. Lo, G. X. Liao, K. K. Yuen

87. Emergency Situations in Nightclubs: A Discussion on How to Improve the Fire Safety Strategies Through The Use of Evacuation Modeling Analysis
R. Machado, M. Anderson

88. Efficiently Using Micro-Simulation to Inform Facility Design – A Case Study in Managing Complexity
E. Morrow

89. Next Generation Paradigms in Pedestrian Modeling
D.W. Peterson

90. Next Steps for Agent-Based Simulations of Mass Egress
D. A. Samuelson

91. Experimental Study of Pedestrian Flow in the Channel through Bottleneck
W. Song, J. Zhang, A. Seyfried

92. Occupant Wayfinding in Multi-storey Buildings
J. S. Sorsa, M-L. Siikonen

93. Improved Methods for Checking Forces Based Models of Pedestrian Dynamics
B. Steffen, M. Boltes, A. Seyfried

94. Pathfinder: An Agent-Based Egress Simulator
C. Thornton, R. O’Konski, B. Hardeman, D. Swenson

95. Sonic Speed on Pedestrian Dynamics: Relation between Sonic Speed and Density
A. Tomoeda, D. Yanagisawa, K. Nishinari

96. Sensitivity Visualization of Circulation under Congestion and Blockage
G. Wurzer, M. Ausserer, H. Hinneberg, C. Illera, A. Rosic

97. Integration of Human Evacuation Route Optimization Model and Fire Prevention and Control System
P. Zhang, P. Gang, G. Li, B. Chen

Keywords: Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Behavioural Sciences, Civil Engineering, Automotive Engineering

Author(s)
 
 
Publisher
Springer
Publication year
2011
Language
en
Edition
1
Category
Technology, Energy, Traffic
Format
Ebook
eISBN (PDF)
9781441997258

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