Alberti, Marina

Urban Ecology

Alberti, Marina - Urban Ecology, ebook


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Table of contents

Section I. Urbanization and Human Domination of Earth

1. Human Domination of Earth’s Ecosystems
Peter M. Vitousek, Harold A. Mooney, Jane Lubchenco, Jerry M. Melillo

2. Humans as the World’s Greatest Evolutionary Force
Stephen R. Palumbi

3. Urbanization
Brian J.L. Berry

4. Urban Ecology as an Interdisciplinary Field: Differences in the use of “Urban” Between the Social and Natural Sciences
Nancy E. McIntyre, K. Knowles-Yánez, D. Hope

Section II. Conceptual Foundations of Urban Ecology

5. The Growth of the City: An Introduction to a Research Project
Ernest W. Burgess

6. On the Early History of Urban Ecology in Europe
Herbert Sukopp

7. Urban Ecological Systems: Linking Terrestrial Ecological, Physical, and Socioeconomic Components of Metropolitan Areas
S.T.A. Pickett, M.L. Cadenasso, J.M. Grove, C.H. Nilon, R.V. Pouyat, W.C. Zipperer, R. Costanza

8. Integrated Approaches to Long-Term Studies of Urban Ecological Systems
Nancy B. Grimm, J. Morgan Grove, Steward T.A. Pickett, Charles L. Redman

9. Integrating Humans into Ecology: Opportunities and Challenges for Studying Urban Ecosystems
Marina Alberti, John M. Marzluff, Eric Shulenberger, Gordon Bradley, Clare Ryan, Craig Zumbrunnen

Section III. The Atmosphere, Hydrosphere, and Pedosphere

10. Sealing of Soils
Gerd Wessolek

11. Producing and Consuming Chemicals: The Moral Economy of the American Lawn
Paul Robbins, Julie T. Sharp

12. Streams in the Urban Landscape
Michael J. Paul, Judy L. Meyer

13. The Urban Climate – Basic and Applied Aspects
Wilhelm Kuttler

14. Global Warming and the Urban Heat Island
Maria João Alcoforado, Henrique Andrade

15. A Retrospective Assessment of Mortality from the London Smog Episode of 1952: The Role of Influenza and Pollution
Micheile L. Bell, Devra L. Davis, Tony Fletcher

16. Heat Waves, Urban Climate and Human Health
Wilfried Endlicher, Gerd Jendritzky, Joachim Fischer, Jens-Peter Redlich

Section IV. The Biosphere

17. The City as a Subject for Ecological Research
Herbert Sukopp

18. Ecosystem Processes Along an Urban-to-Rural Gradient
Mark J. McDonnell, Steward T.A. Pickett, Peter Groffman, Patrick Bohlen, Richard V. Pouyat, Wayne C. Zipperer, Robert W. Parmelee, Margaret M. Carreiro, Kimberly Medley

19. House Sparrows Rapid Evolution of Races in North America
Richard F. Johnston, Robert K. Selander

20. On the Role of Alien Species in Urban Flora and Vegetation
Ingo Kowarik

21. Socioeconomics Drive Urban Plant Diversity
Diane Hope, Corinna Gries, Weixing Zhu, William F. Fagan, Charles L. Redman, Nancy B. Grimm, Amy L. Nelson, Chris Martin, Ann Kinzig

22. Fauna of the Big City – Estimating Species Richness and Abundance in Warsaw Poland
Maciej Luniak

23. Island Biogeography for an Urbanizing World How Extinction and Colonization May Determine Biological Diversity in Human-Dominated Landscapes
John M. Marzluff

24. A Long Term Survey of the Avifauna in an Urban Park
Michael Abs, Frank Bergen

25. Biodiversity in the Argentinean Rolling Pampa Ecoregion: Changes Caused by Agriculture and Urbanisation
Ana M. Faggi, Kerstin Krellenberg, Roberto Castro, Mirta Arriaga, Wilfried Endlicher

26. Does Differential Access to Protein Influence Differences in Timing of Breeding of Florida Scrub-Jays (Aphelocoma coerulescens) in Suburban and Wildland Habitats?
Stephan J. Schoech, Reed Bowman

27. Creating a Homogeneous Avifauna
Robert B. Blair

28. Towards a Mechanistic Understanding of Urbanization’s Impacts on Fish
Michael Abs Frank Bergen

29. Bat Activity in an Urban Landscape: Patterns at the Landscape and Microhabitat Scale
Stanley D. Gehrt, James E. Chelsvig

30. Urbanization and Spider Diversity: Influences of Human Modification of Habitat Structure and Productivity
E. Shochat, W.L. Stefanov, M.E.A. Whitehouse, S.H. Faeth

Section V. The Anthroposphere: Human Dimensions

31. Social Science Concepts and Frameworks for Understanding Urban Ecosystems
Carolyn Harrison, Jacquie Burgess

32. The Iceberg and the Titanic: Human Economic Behavior in Ecological Models
Jane V. Hall

33. Forecasting Demand for Urban Land
Paul Waddell, Terry Moore

34. Characteristics, Causes, and Effects of Sprawl: A Literature Review
Reid H. Ewing

35. Urban Ecological Footprints: Why Cities Cannot be Sustainable—and Why They are a Key to Sustainability
William Rees, Mathis Wackernagel

36. Health, Supportive Environments, and the Reasonable Person Model
Stephen Kaplan, Rachel Kaplan

37. Relationship Between Urban Sprawl and Physical Activity, Obesity, and Morbidity
Reid Ewing, Tom Schmid, Richard Killingsworth, Amy Zlot, Stephen Raudenbush

38. Megacities as Global Risk Areas
Frauke Kraas

39. Why Is Understanding Urban Ecosystems Important to People Concerned About Environmental Justice?
Bunyan Bryant, John Callewaert

Section VI. The Anthroposphere: Planning and Policy

40. The Struggle to Govern the Commons
Thomas Dietz, Elinor Ostrom, Paul C. Stern

41. Modeling the Urban Ecosystem: A Conceptual Framework
M. Alberti

42. Scientific, Institutional, and Individual Constraints on Restoring Puget Sound Rivers
Clare M. Ryan, Sara M. Jensen

43. Toward Ecosystem Management: Shifts in the Core and the Context of Urban Forest Ecology
Rowan A. Rowntree

44. What Is the Form of a City, and How Is It Made?
Kevin A. Lynch

45. What Should an Ideal City Look Like from an Ecological View? – Ecological Demands on the Future City
Ruediger Wittig, Juergen Breuste, Lothar Finke, Michael Kleyer, Franz Rebele, Konrad Reidl, Wolfgang Schulte, Peter Werner

46. Land Use Planning and Wildlife Maintenance
Michael E. Soulé

47. Terrestrial Nature Reserve Design at the Urban/Rural Interface
Craig L. Shafer

48. Restoration of Fragmented Landscapes for the Conservation of Birds: A General Framework and Specific Recommendations for Urbanizing Landscapes
John M. Marzluff, Kern Ewing

49. Steps Involved in Designing Conservation Subdivisions: A Straightforward Approach
Randall G. Arendt

50. Beyond Greenbelts and Zoning: A New Planning Concept for the Environment of Asian Mega-Cities
Makoto Yokohari, Kazuhiko Takeuchi, Takashi Watanabe, Shigehiro Yokota

Keywords: Geography, Landscape/Regional and Urban Planning, Ecology, Biodiversity, Landscape Ecology, Nature Conservation

Publication year
Page amount
832 pages
Natural Sciences

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